Spasticity – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments


This is when the muscles become rigid or tight, hence impeding the normal flow of fluid. Because of this, movement, speech, and gait are all negatively impacted as the muscles continue to stay constricted and resist being stretched.


Damage or disturbance to the region of the brain and spinal cord that is important for coordinating muscle and stretch responses is typically the root cause of spasticity. It’s possible that these disturbances are caused by an imbalance in the inhibitory and excitatory impulses that are transmitted to the muscles, which causes the muscles to become immobile. In youngsters who are still developing, spasticity can be dangerous since it can have an effect on the muscles and joints. People who have suffered from conditions such as cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injuries, or head trauma may experience varying degrees of spasticity.



The symptoms of spasticity can range from a slight stiffness or tightening of muscles to excruciating spasms that are difficult to control. Another common symptom of spasticity is discomfort or tightness in the joints.


  • Muscle stiffness results in motions that are less accurate and make certain jobs more challenging to do.
  • Spasms of the muscles, which are contractions of the muscles that are involuntary and frequently unpleasant.
  • Crossing of the legs is not voluntary.
  • Deformities of the muscles and joints
  • Muscle fatigue
  • Restriction of the development of longitudinal muscle fibers
  • Reduction in the amount of protein that is synthesized in muscle cells


  • Infections of the urinary tract (UTI)
  • persistent inability to poop
  • Infections of the central nervous system or fever
  • Pressure sores
  • Frozen joints


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